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Glossary Terms

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Accident
An unplanned event that results in personal injury or property damage.

Adequate (SHMS)
An SHMS is considered adequate if it meets the requirements of the specification or the organization’s requirements to protect worker safety and prevent injury and illness.

Administrative Control
An unplanned event that results in personal injury or property damage.

Affected Employee (Lockout/Tagout)
An employee whose job requires him/her to operate or use a machine or equipment on which servicing or maintenance is being performed under lockout or tagout, or whose job requires him/her to work in an area in which such servicing or maintenance is being performed. (Compare to all other employees and authorized employee.)

All Other Employees (Lockout/Tagout)
Workers whose work operations are or may be in an area where the hazard relating to lockout/tagout is present. (Compare to affected employee and authorized employee.)

American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
A nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote, protect and enhance industrial hygienists and other occupational health, safety and environmental professionals in their efforts to improve the health and well being of workers, the community, and the environment.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
A private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
U.S. law that provides comprehensive civil rights protections for "individuals with disabilities".

ANSI Z10
A voluntary consensus standard on occupational safety and health management systems developed by ANSI with AIHA as secretariat (in draft form as of 2004).

Authorized Employee (Lockout/Tagout)
A person who locks out or tags out machines or equipment in order to perform servicing or maintenance on
that machine or equipment. An affected employee becomes an authorized employee when that employee's duties include performing servicing or maintenance covered under this section. (Compare to
affected employee and all other employees.)

Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
A device that analyzes a heart rhythm and prompts a user to deliver a shock when necessary. The user is not required to interpret symptoms or make decisions, but attach the pads of the AED to the patient's chest, turn the device on, and follow the instructions. (Source: the American Heart Association).

ASQ
American Society of Quality.
Basic Cause (of Accident)
Poor management policies and decisions or personal or environmental factors that result in an accident. (Compare to direct cause and indirect cause.)

Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)
Pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

BLS
Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S.).

British Standards Institution (BSI)
The lead British organization responsible for developing the Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Specification, OHSAS 18001:1999.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
The codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the U.S. Federal Government. It is divided into 50 titles.

Comprehensive Survey
Detailed analysis of your workplace to identify hazards associated with your work environment such as air contaminants, noise, ergonomics, etc.

Confined Space
Space that can be bodily entered, has limited means for entry or exit, and is not designed for continuous employee occupancy. Examples may include tanks, vessels, silos, manholes, boilers, pits, furnaces, diked areas, sewers, pumping stations, vaults and others.

Consensus Standard
A standard developed by a committee of experts reaching general agreement on the language in the standard.

Consultation Program
A free service [largely funded by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)], to assist employers in finding potential hazards at their worksites, improving their occupational safety and health management systems, and even qualifying for a one-year exemption from routine OSHA inspections. The service is delivered by state governments using well-trained professional staff. Most consultations take place on-site, though limited services away from the worksite are available.

Corrosive Materials
A substance that causes visible destruction or permanent changes in skin tissue at the site of contact. (Source: OSHA). Examples include acids such as nitric acid or sulfuric acid, and caustics such as sodium hydroxide or ammonia.

Cozy Heating and Cooling (CHC)
The mock company used as a case study throughout this Course.

CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Days Away, Restricted, and/or Transferred (DART) Case Incidence Rate
Number of recordable injuries and illness cases per 100 full-time employees resulting in days away from work, restricted work activity, and/or job transfer that an applicant/participant has experienced in a given time frame.

Direct Cause (of Accident)
An unplanned event such as a release of energy and/or hazardous material that results in an accident. (Compare to basic cause and indirect cause.)
Effective (SHMS)
An SHMS is considered effective it it achieves improvement through reaching objectives, verifying that controls are effective, correcting situations that lead to accidents, and preventing situations that could lead to accidents and incidents.

Emergency Eyewash and Safety Shower
Emergency device designed to irrigate the eyes, face and/or body when exposed to hazardous materials or other hazards.

Employee Medical Record
A record concerning the health status of an employee which is made or maintained by a physician, nurse, or other health care personnel, or technician. (Source: OSHA's definition in 29 CFR 1910.1020). Employee medical records include medical and employment questionnaires or histories; results of medical examinations and laboratory tests; medical opinions, diagnoses, progress notes, and recommendations; first-aid records; descriptions of treatments and prescriptions; and employee medical complaints.

Engineering Control
A physical change made to the work area or work process to effectively minimize exposure to workplace hazards.

Environmental Management System (EMS)
A management system that helps minimize a business's harmful impact on the environment.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
U.S. government agency whose mission is protecting human health and safeguarding the natural environment (air, water and land).

Ergonomics
The field of study concerned with finding ways to keep people safe, comfortable, and productive while they perform tasks at work and home. Ergonomics essentially is fitting the task to the person so that the person can comfortably perform their designated tasks.
There are no "F" Glossary Terms.
Goal
A high-level, general target stated in quantifiable terms that an organization desires to achieve. (Compare to Objective.)

Guidance Standard
A standard that is advisory in nature and is not a regulatory requirement.
HR
Human Resources.
International Labour Organization (ILO)
A “specialized agency” of the United Nations or UN. Founded in 1919, it refers to itself as a “tripartite” United Nations agency in that it brings together representatives of governments, employers, and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes.

Incident
An unplanned event that does not result in personal injury but may result in property damage or is worthy of recording.

Indirect Cause (of Accident)
Unsafe acts and conditions that result in an accident. (Compare to basic cause and direct cause.)

Industrial Hygiene
The science and art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of workplace environmental factors that may cause sickness, impaired health, or significant discomfort among workers. (National Safety Council, Fundamentals of Industrial Hygiene - 2nd edition, 1985).

Industrial Hygienists (IH)
Individuals that are trained on the hazardous effects upon health of chemical and physical agents at various levels of exposure in the workplace. IH are knowledgeable of methods to detect and control these health hazards among workers. (National Safety Council, Fundamentals of Industrial Hygiene - 2nd edition, 1985).

ISO 9000
Series of international standards for quality management that assist organizations in meeting customer's quality requirements, improving customer satisfaction and continually improving their performance.

ISO 14000
Series of international standards for environmental management that assist organizations in minimizing harmful effects on the environment caused by their products, services and activities; and continually improving their environmental performance.
Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)
A valuable technique that companies use to routinely examine and analyze safety and health hazards associated with individual jobs and processes.

Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
Same as Job Hazard Analysis (JHA).
KS & A
Knowledge, Skills and Abilities.
Lockout/Tagout
The placement of a lockout device (lockout) or tagout device (tagout) on an energy isolating device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled cannot be operated until the lockout device is removed.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Written or printed information about a hazardous material that contains information such as ingredients of the chemical and the physical and health hazards (see example).

Musculoskeletal Disorders
Damage or weakening of the musculoskeletal system. Examples of these disorders include but are not limited to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Tendonitis, Lumbar Strains, and Muscle Strains.
Near-Miss
An event that does not result in an injury or damage. It is important to record and investigate near-misses to identify weaknesses in the SHMS that could possibly lead to an injury or damage.

North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS)
The industry classification system used by the statistical agencies of the United States. NAICS replaces the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. For more information, see the U.S. Census Bureau's NAICS website.
Objective
The specific steps that are taken to achieve the stated goal.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
U.S. government agency, within the Department of Labor, whose mission is saving lives, preventing injuries and protecting the health of America's workers.

OHSAS 18001
The Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series Management Systems Specification 18001.

On-the-Job Training (OJT)
Training, delivered by a supervisor or other qualified personnel, that occurs within the context of the work environment. With OJT, trainees often have the opportunity for hands-on practice with close supervision.

Open-Ended Questions
Questions that encourage respondents to provide more information beyond a simple "yes" or "no" answer.

OSH
Occupational Safety and Health.

Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM)
The following fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids.
Pathogen
An agent causing disease, such as a virus, bacterium or fungus.

Performance-Based Criteria
Criteria that define what organizations must achieve but do not define how it is to be done. This allows flexibility in the implementation of the criteria.

Performance-Based Standard
An OSHA standard that has performance-based criteria, which define what the standard must achieve but does not define how it is to be done.

Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
A legally enforceable limit of employee exposure of a toxic or hazardous substance in the workplace. This can be expressed as an 8-hour time-weighted average, a short term exposure or a ceiling limit.

Permit-Required Confined Space
A confined space that has one or more of the following characteristics: (1) contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere; (2) contains the potential for engulfment; (3) has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped; or (4) contains any other recognized safety or health hazard.

PFAS
Personal Fall Arrest System.

Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle
A cycle consisting of these four parts: (1) Plan (to establish objectives and processes to support the OH&S policy); (2) Do (to implement the processes); (3) Check (to monitor and measure the processes); and Act (to take actions to continually improve the processes).

Powered Industrial Trucks
Fork trucks, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines.

PPE
Personal protective equipment.
There are no "Q" Glossary Terms.
RABQSA
RABQSA International, Inc. was formed 1st January 2005 from the merger of the Registrar Accreditation Board and The Quality Society of Australasia International. RABQSA is actively involved in the design, development, and promotion of accredited, competency-based personnel certification.

Refresher Training
Training that gives employees the opportunity to sharpen and update their previously learned knowledge, skills and abilities.

Risk
Combination of the likelihood that a hazardous event or exposure(s) will occur and the severity of the injury or ill health that the event or exposure can cause.

Risk Assessment
Overall process of estimating the probability of occurrence and potential severity of loss associated with risks and determining whether or not the risks are tolerable.
Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP)
An OSHA program, administered through each state's consultation program, that recognizes small employers who operate an exemplary safety and health management system.

Safety and Health Management System (SHMS)
An organized approach for employers to manage and reduce safety and health hazards related to their businesses.

Secretariat
Office entrusted with administrative duties and maintaining records.

Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
A respirator that supplies breathing air and the source for the breathing air is carried by the user (similar to a SCUBA).

Self-Inspection
Regular visual review of your work environment to identify hazards.

Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes
A series of number codes that classify all businesses by the types of products or services they offer. Businesses engaged in the same type of activity are assigned the same SIC code. SIC codes facilitate the collection, tabulation, and analysis of data and promote comparability in statistical analyses. SIC is being replaced by NAICS.

State Plan State
A U.S. state, which under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, has developed and operates its own occupational safety and health program.

Suitable (SHMS)
An SHMS is considered suitable if it continues to be appropriate for the organization, responding to facility, personnel or regulation changes.
Target Audience
The population of learners for whom a particular training is intended and designed.

Total Case Incidence Rate (TCIR)
A number that represents the total recordable injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time employees, calculated for a worksite for a specified period of time (usually 1 to 3 years).

Total Recordable Case Injury and Illness Incidence Rate
A rate measuring the total number of recordable injuries and illnesses per 100 workers.

Training Evaluation
The way to determine the effectiveness of training. Training can be evaluated on many different levels ranging from perception surveys and quizzes to impact on achieving business goals and objectives.

Training Matrix
A tool that helps you identify and organize the S & H training requirements and needs for each job at your company. Although the format for a training matrix varies, generally it is a grid that associates training topics with trainees.

Training Need
A gap in an employee’s performance that results from lack of knowledge or skill in a particular area. Training is an instructional experience that helps fill that gap by providing the needed knowledge and skills.

Training Objective
A precise written statement of the desired knowledge, skill or abilities that trainees will be able to demonstrate as a result of the training. Objectives should be expressed in such a way that the learned behavior can be observed and measured.

Training Transfer
The phenomenon that occurs when trainees gain knowledge, skill and abilities through training and actually apply them in their jobs.

Training Transfer Barriers
The set of actual and perceived factors that impede training transfer from occurring.
There are no "U" Glossary Terms.
Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP)
Starting in 1982, programs created by OSHA to recognize and partner with employers that implement exemplary systems for managing safety and health.

VPPPA
VPP Participants' Association.

VPP SGE
VPP Special Government Employees
Workplace Culture
The behaviors and beliefs of management and employees in the work environment. It may not necessarily be written in a document or procedure, but is practiced in action and word.

Worksite Analysis
An examination of the worksite to identify existing hazards and conditions where new hazards might be created.
There are no "X" Glossary Terms.
There are no "Y" Glossary Terms.
There are no "Z" Glossary Terms.